Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups each with its own traditional dresses. These costumes have different beauty, unique styles, and meanings which imprints the cultural traditions. They are the breath, the soul of a people here. Below is a list of the most popular traditional dresses of Vietnam.
List of Traditional Dresses in Vietnam
Ao Dai is a traditional costume of the Kinh people, the largest ethnic group in this country. You can see the image of beautiful ao dai all over this S-shaped country, and it is also recognized as the national costume of Vietnam when it is always the first choice for international beauty contests.
Aodai is usually made for women, but on special occasions such as traditional festivals, ancestor worship or weddings, you can easily come across men in Aodai. For women, this is a highly functional outfit. If you are of school age, the image of the girl with a white ao dai and a conical hat, cycling on the streets is stunning and imbued with the charm of a Vietnamese girl. A number of companies in tourism or air transport, even banks also use ao dai as a mandatory uniform to preserve the cultural beauty of this traditional costume.
Best of all and one of the most attractive traditional dresses among women in Vietnam, the spring Aodai of ladies, from teenage to middle-aged, exudes a lovely charm. You can have your Aodai made to really immerse yourself in the exciting spring journey here with the cost from 650,000 VND to about 2,000,000 VND in famous areas such as Hanoi, Hoi An or Ben Thanh Market in Ho Chi Minh City.
Traditional Hmong dress
H’Mong people is also one of the ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam. They have elaborate and colorful traditional costumes, usually made of linen with striking colors and diverse, gaudy patterns. A complete outfit usually consists of a ripped collar, pleated skirt, leggings, and a hat. H’Mong clothes are very beautiful and outstanding, they often attach coins and beads on the costume to increase the aesthetics as well as show the traditional spiritual will.
Due to the typical weather in the Northwest region, the clothes of people here, especially women, always have many layers to keep their bodies warm and also exclaim discreet looks for the costumes. Besides, the meticulous pattern and vivid colors are always the best points of the dresses here. To put on these clothes is just like beautiful flowers to adorn the space here.
Because the process of making a dress is so fanciful, women usually only put it on holidays, and weddings. You can buy hats or brocade towels at the highland markets, the price is also depending on the time. It is best to have a local friend to go to buy things at the most reasonable price.
Chăm traditional dress
The Chăm people are distributed among different local groups. They mainly live in two provinces of Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan. Some other places like An Giang, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai, Ho Chi Minh City also have a part of the Cham population.
Cham ethnic costumes have their own designs and decorations that are difficult to confuse with ethnic groups in the language group or region. Traditional costumes of Cham people are always associated with festivals.
The costume of women has many types from brocade headscarves, jewelry wearing ears, neck, bracelets, mum (eye rings), short dresses, skirts, blankets … but the most special is the festive long dress (Aodai). You should choose the festival time to come to enjoy this unique cultural space with costumes imbued human beauty here.
Áo tứ thân (four-part dress)
The four-colored dress appeared in the years 1920-1930 of the 20th century is one of the most unique traditional dress of Vietnam. Usually, women only wear it for holidays, festivals, festivals, or when they have leisurely and happy jobs but need to be serious and polite. The image of this kind of dress has been put in folk songs, into the subconscious of Vietnamese people with loving lyrical.
This is an ancient dress of Northern women, both close and sexy. “Close” is because of the long sleeves and skirt to ankle length. “Sexy” is due to the top of the shirt does not close completely but exposes the pinafore (bra), it is often red. This traditional dress has natural colors like black or brown. It was dyed with the available natural materials such as mud. Because it was worn in daily activities, housework or farm work. Áo tứ thân nowadays are often re-made costumes and used in festivals so the colors are also more sparkling and colorful. Only the hat still retains its beauty without any significant changes.
To experience the beauty of this outfit, you can take part in festivals in the North, especially at Lunar new year’s time.
Áo bà ba (Bà ba shirt)
Bà ba shirt appeared in the first half of the 19th century and was renovated by Truong Vinh Ky from the shirts of Penang Islanders (Chinese Malays) to suit Vietnamese people.
Ba ba dress has contributed to the beauty of the pure, rustic and gentle beauty of the women in the garden of the Mekong River and is one of the most traditional dresses of Vietnam. Ba ba shirt is usually designed without a collar, the back of the shirt is sewn by a piece of raw fabric, the front consists of two pieces, in the middle there are two strips of buttons running from top to bottom. The shirt is tight at the waist part. The shirt has a long covering over the bottom, almost a tight body to make up the curves of the wearer’s body.
Nowadays, the use of Áo bà ba as everyday attire has become rare, however, when traveling to the southwestern provinces, you still easily encounter beautiful girls with bà ba at the tourist areas or floating markets on the river.
Hats are an indispensable accessory for the lady’s outfit, a fitting shirt, long black pants, rustic sandals, and a hat are the standard images for traditional costumes of the South.
Because of the high applicability, the Ba Ba tailor shops also operate quite often, with more than 1,000,000 VND, you can own a standard Ba Ba shirt and if possible is a photo embodiment, just like beautiful and hospitable Mekong river girl.